corticosteroid

corticosteroid
= corticoid; n.
any steroid hormone synthesized by the adrenal cortex. There are two main groups of corticosteroids. The glucocorticoids (e.g. cortisol, cortisone, and corticosterone) are essential for the utilization of carbohydrate, fat, and protein by the body and for a normal response to stress. Naturally occurring and synthetic glucocorticoids have very powerful anti-inflammatory effects and are used to treat conditions that involve inflammation. The mineralocorticoids (e.g. aldosterone) are necessary for the regulation of salt and water balance.

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  • corticosteroid — CORTICOSTEROÍD, corticosteroizi, s.m. (biol.) Corticoid. [pr.: ro id] – Din fr. corticostéroïd. Trimis de IoanSoleriu, 09.01.2008. Sursa: DEX 98  CORTICOSTEROÍD s. v. corticoid. Trimis de siveco, 13.09.2007. Sursa: Sinonime  corticosteroíd s …   Dicționar Român

  • corticosteroid — n. a steroid compound produced by the adrenal cortex, or a synthetic analog of such a compound. Syn: corticoid. [WordNet 1.5] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Corticosteroid — vgl. Kortikosteroid …   Das Wörterbuch medizinischer Fachausdrücke

  • corticosteroid — by 1945, from cortico , comb. form of L. cortex bark of a tree (see CORTEX (Cf. cortex)), applied since c.1890 to various surface structures of plants, animals, or organs + STEROID (Cf. steroid). So called because they are produced in the adrenal …   Etymology dictionary

  • corticosteroid — [kôr΄ti kō΄stir′oid΄, kôr΄tikäs′tə roid΄] n. [ CORTICO + STEROID] any of the steroid hormones secreted by the adrenal cortex, or any compound derived from these or prepared synthetically and having a similar structure …   English World dictionary

  • Corticosteroid — Corticosterone Corticosteroids are a class of steroid hormones that are produced in the adrenal cortex. Corticosteroids are involved in a wide range of physiologic systems such as stress response, immune response and regulation of inflammation,… …   Wikipedia

  • Corticosteroid — Any of the steroid hormones made by the cortex (outer layer) of the adrenal gland. Cortisol is a corticosteroid. * * * A steroid produced by the adrenal cortex ( i.e., adrenal corticoid); a corticoid containing a steroid. SYN: adrenocorticoid,… …   Medical dictionary

  • Corticosteroid side-chain-isomerase — Identifiers EC number 5.3.1.21 CAS number 75139 73 0 …   Wikipedia

  • Corticosteroid 11-beta-dehydrogenase isozyme 2 — Hydroxysteroid (11 beta) dehydrogenase 2 Identifiers Symbols HSD11B2; AME; AME1; HSD11K; HSD2; SDR9C3 External IDs …   Wikipedia

  • corticosteroid — noun Date: 1944 any of various adrenal cortex steroids (as corticosterone, cortisone, and aldosterone) used medically especially as anti inflammatory agents compare glucocorticoid, mineralocorticoid …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Corticosteroid — Corticosteroide (lat. cortex = Rinde; gr. stereos, στερεος = fest), kurz Corticoide oder Cortine, veraltet Kortikosteroide bzw. Kortikoide, sind eine Gruppe von ca. 50 in der Nebennierenrinde (NNR) gebildeten Steroidhormonen sowie chemisch… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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